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Apeco India > DESIGNING > Power Factor Correction

POWER FACTOR CORRECTION

A number of power quality issues including electrical harmonics, poor power factor, voltage instability and imbalance, impact on the efficiency of electrical equipments.

Power factor correcting equipments improves the power factor which improves the power quality. Power factor correcting equipments increase the efficiency of power supply, delivering immediate cost savings on electricity.

How does Power Factor Correction work?

Power Factor is the ratio of Active Power to the Apparent Power drawn by any load. Low power factor leads to increased transmission and distribution losses leads to increased electricity bills without increase in productivity, heating & hunting of DGs with increased fuel consumption. PFC systems increase the efficiency of power supply, delivering immediate cost savings on electricity.

  • Real Power is the power that actually powers the equipment and performs useful, Productive work.
  • Reactive Power is required by some equipment (e.g. transformers, motors and relays) to produce a magnetic field for operation; however it does not perform any real work.
  • Apparent Power is the vector sum of Real and Reactive Power and corresponds to the total power required to produce the equivalent amount of real power for the load.

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